The climate in Nicaragua does not vary greatly and is largely a function of elevation. In the coastal areas and to an elevation of 2,460 feet the daytime temperatures average 85°F to 91°F, (29-33 C)and night temperatures range from 69°F to 75°F (21-23 C). The central highlands of Nicaragua, which range in elevation from 2,460-5,250 feet have daytime temperatures ranging from 75°F to 80°F (23-25 C) and nights can fall as low as 59° F (15 C). The highest peaks of the central highlands are even cooler.

The mid and southern Pacific coast enjoys regular off shore breezes which makes the climate very pleasant despite the heat.

Rainfall is seasonal. The wettest months are May through to November with October being the rainiest and the driest months are December to April. The Western side of the country generally drier and less subject to flooding and hurricanes.